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Number 9 What Is the Roswell Incident?
The Roswell incident has drawn the attention of conspiracy theorists and UFO enthusiasts for over seven decades. It’s been described as ‘the world’s most famous, most exhaustively investigated and most thoroughly debunked UFO claim’. Initial statements described the recovered as belonging to a ‘flying disc’.
Number 8 Project Mogul
Project Mogul was an operation which involved high-altitude balloons aimed at detecting sound waves generated by Soviet tests. Active between 1947 and 1949. Project Mogul was based on the theory that a sound channel exists in the upper atmosphere, at a certain height, where the temperature and air pressure result in a minimal sound speed. Therefore, because of refraction, the sound waves would stay in that channel. In order for successful detection, Project Mogul balloons were required to maintain a constant altitude and be equipped with microphones and radio transmitters to relay the signal to the ground. Not only were they better at maintaining a stable altitude, they were also more durable and leaked less. Project Mogul did have some success but it was too expensive to sustain. After about two years, it was replaced by other detection methods, which were considered cheaper and more reliable. Project Mogul balloons would become the centerpiece of the Roswell UFO conspiracy.
Number 7 Brazel’s Find
In the summer of 1947, about 30 miles north of Roswell, New Mexico, William ‘Mac’ Brazel and his son found some strange pieces. It consisted of scraps of heavy, glossy paper-like material as well as chunks of plastic, foil reflectors, tape and rubber. It’s worth mentioning that the discovery was made in the midst of a ‘flying saucer craze’ in the United States. Brazel and his family gathered the material and took it back to the ranch but were unable to identify its source. It wasn’t long before Brazel started to wonder if he’d discovered the remains of a flying disc.
On July 8, Walter Haut issued a press release stating that they had recovered ‘flying disc’ which landed at a ranch, near Roswell. The release was picked up by numerous media outlets, including the Roswell Daily Record which immediately ran a story. The recovered object was subsequently flown to Fort Worth in Texas.
Number 5 Drops
These secret projects, such as Operation High Dive, tested high-altitude parachutes.
Number 4 Reignited Interest
The second act of the Roswell story, which actually brought it to mainstream attention, took place between 1978 and 1994. During this period, UFO researchers interviewed hundreds of people who claimed to have had a connection to the incident at Roswell, in 1947.
Jesse Marcel was the only known man to have accompanied the pieces from the ranch to Fort Worth, Texas. In 1978, he was interviewed by physicist and professional ufologist, Stanton T. Friedman. Marcel was photographed with what he claimed were components from an actual balloon, as part of the cover up. However, he described the actual materials as ‘nothing made on this Earth’. Skeptics pointed out that Marcel wasn’t a reliable source as he was known for making up stories.
However, ufologists weren’t convinced that it had been written by Haut and noted that, by 2000, his mental state was too deteriorated to recall even basic events from his past. In 2011, American journalist Annie Jacobsen published a book. According to her, an unnamed source had claimed that someone else was involved in the Roswell Incident.
So far, there hasn’t been solid proof of a UFO or aliens connected to the Roswell Incident. Testimonies usually repeat the same patterns, lack credibility and are mostly considered unreliable. Skeptics have pointed out that keeping the story alive is in the interest of many entities. Aside from Roswell and the site drawing numerous visitors, there are also movies, books, media outlets and UFO societies that all benefit from the Roswell myth.