7 Historical Landmarks That were Destroyed

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From the seven wonders of the ancient world to the most popular tourist attractions. Here are historical landmarks that were destroyed.

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Number 7 Statue of Zeus
Around 435 BC, renowned Greek sculptor Phidias created a statue of Zeus that would be regarded as a wonder of the ancient world. The statue was made out of gold and ivory panels that were placed on a wooden framework. The cedar wood throne was decorated with ivory, ebony, gold and precious stones. Some historic sources claim it to have been so beautiful that “a single glimpse would make a man forget all his earthly troubles”. The details surrounding the destruction of the statue of Zeus are unknown.
Number 6 Senator Tree
At one point, Florida’s Senator Tree was the both the largest and the oldest bald cypress tree in the world. It was an estimated 3,500 years old. Native American people living in Central Florida once used the tree as a landmark. It stood 125 feet tall with a trunk diameter of 17.5 feet. It represented a frequent attraction for visitors ever since the 19th century, when most of the land surrounding it was swamp.
Number 5 Lighthouse of Alexandria
For a long time, the Lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the tallest man-made structures in the world. Its construction was commissioned by the first Ptolemy ruler of Egypt. The imposing 330-foot tall structure was completed during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, between 280 and 247 BC. It’s regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and its construction cost about 26 tons of silver. A furnace at the top produced the light and the tower was mostly built with solid blocks of limestone. Only a stub remained of the former structure and it too disappeared during medieval times when a fort was built in its place. Some of the lighthouse ruins were rediscovered in 1994, on the floor of Alexandria’s Eastern Harbor. Then, in 2016, plans were initiated by the Egyptians to turn the submerged ruins of ancient Alexandria into an underwater museum. There’s also a proposition to include them on a World Heritage List of submerged cultural sites.
Number 4 Valetta Royal Opera House
The Royal Opera House was one of the most beautiful and iconic buildings in Valetta, Malta’s capital city. The classic design was completed by 1861 and the building opened its doors in 1866. Also known as the Royal Theatre, it had a seating capacity of 1,095 with 200 people standing. The Royal Opera House was subsequently restored and it opened its doors once more, in 1877, with a performance of Verdi’s “Aida”.
Number 3 Crystal Palace
London’s Crystal Palace was a true marvel of the 19th century. Originally built in Hyde Park, the structure was three times larger than St. Paul’s Cathedral. The enormous building was made out of cast-iron and plate-glass. It fact, it had the greatest area of glass ever seen in a building. Visitors marveled at its clear walls and ceilings, which didn’t require interior lighting. The Crystal Palace was built to house the Great Exhibition of 1851 and its displays of technology developed during the Industrial Revolution. More than 14,000 exhibitors from all-over the world gathered in the space, which measured close to one million square feet. It also had a length of 1,850 feet and an interior height of 128 feet. After the exhibition was over, the Crystal Palace was moved and rebuilt next to an affluent neighborhood in South London. It continued to house events and exhibitions but deteriorated with time. Building the palace cost about $21 million. But relocating cost approximately $168 million.
Number 2 Palmyra
Palmyra is one of the oldest cities in the world with archaeological finds dating back to the Neolithic. It was an important stop on the Silk Road and its inhabitants became renowned merchants. As the city grew in wealth, it saw a number of monumental construction projects. The Islamic State took control of Palmyra in 2015. They subsequently destroyed numerous historic landmarks, including the ancient Lion of At-lat statue, the 1st-century Temple of Baalshamin, the Temple of Bel, the Tower of Elahbel and the Monumental Arch.
Number 1 Notre-Dame de Paris
The Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris is one of the world’s most recognized landmarks and a celebrated example of French Gothic architecture. A symbol of the French nation, the cathedral welcomed about 12 million visitors every year, making it one of the most visited Parisian monuments. Its name translates as “Our Lady of Paris”. The cathedral’s cornerstone was laid in the spring of 1163 and it was largely complete by 1260. However, it underwent frequent modifications in the centuries that followed.

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